SSL + svn under Apache

Ok, I really need to document this for future. This costs waaaay too much time even having clues from all kinds of places.

Anyway, I was busy making a simple script to update a site remotely by triggering an svn checkout. Easy thing except for that the connection to repository is done using HTTPS and guess what – the certificate needs to be accepted. Trying things like ‘–trust-server-cert’ (needed to upgrade to svn 1.6.x for trying this out, on Ubuntu point to the Lucid repository if anyone needs it) didn’t help. Then I played ‘smart’ and logged in under the Apache user and tried to do the same trick manually. I’ve got to the point of accepting the certificate, etc, but… next time the same story.

Well, what ought to happen was that the user home folder (/var/www in my case) was NOT owned by the Apache user, but by the root. Damn… all the certificate acceptance stuff simply went nowhere, but I didn’t get a single warning on that!

So the solution was simple – make /var/www owned by the actual Apache user (www-data in my case under Ubuntu), log in under this user (sudo so www-data) and perform the operations I needed with the svn repository manually ONCE not forgetting to accept the certificates PERMANENTLY of course. Since then everything works fine.

Life goes by…

MySQL and SSL: ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user…

Ok, this one was just so frustrating I cannot keep it to myself. It costs so much time and nerves to realize that you were pointed in all but the right direction after all.

So here it goes. I have added a user to the MySQL database, I require the SSL connection (actually X509) and it all works on my development system (MacOSX 10.4). So I naively didn’t expect any problems on the test server running Ubuntu. I was wrong. And my mistake apparently has a name… But not all.

So what I see is that when I try to connect to the DB using either the Python/MySQLdb or giving the command line is the same:

_mysql_exceptions.OperationalError: (1045, "Access denied for user
'xxx'@'localhost' (using password: YES)")


ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user 'xxx'@'localhost' (using password: YES)

Great. Now what?

I tried every single thing that made sense to me:

  • Re-created the user, updated the privileges and even added
    at the end (never needed it before).
  • Re-generated the certificate files
  • Different DB

Ok, after all it boiled down to the following messages in the dmesg output:

[877463.513737] audit(1263600950.291:21): type=1503 operation="inode_permission"
requested_mask="r::" denied_mask="r::" name="/xxx/xxx/certificates/server-cert.pem"
pid=11840 profile="/usr/sbin/mysqld" namespace="default"

Bingo! MySQL cannot read the f…g certificate? Why-y-y-y-y? Apparently because the
(now I know the enemy’s name!) does not allow it. And this is all because I have installed certificates to the ‘non-standard’ folder. Well, adding the following line to the

/xxx/xxx/certificates/*.pem r,

and then issuing the following commands:

#apparmor_parser -r /etc/apparmor.d/usr.sbin.mysqld 

#sudo /etc/init.d/mysql restart

finally put everything on their places.

2 hours, a lot of frustration, but it seem to work now. I hope you spend less time finding this in Google :).

Have a nice weekend!